Is Root Canal Treatment Painful?

One of the most common questions we are asked is, “Are root canals painful?” Yonge Newmarket dentists perform root canals on a regular basis, meaning they are able to minimize the pain of the experience and usually save the tooth.

Before the Procedure

The most painful time is actually before your root canal. Patients usually need root canal treatment because of an infection in the tooth that is causing extreme discomfort.

Sometimes, a root canal is necessary even when the infection is causing no pain. Damaged or infected pulp in the tooth needs to be removed to stop an infection spreading and to reduce the risk that you lose your tooth. Often, the lack of pain is due to a fistula — a sort of pimple that continuously drains the pus from the infection. In these cases, you experience no pain because the fistula prevents pressure from building up.

During the Procedure

The first thing we do in a root canal treatment is provide you with a local anesthetic. This numbs the tooth and surrounding area, meaning you feel nothing throughout the procedure. In addition, removing the infection from your tooth, this will relief you of the pain you previously felt.

After the Procedure

After treatment, the gums around the tooth may be inflamed. If this is the case, you can take an analgesic. However, discomfort tends to be minor. As root canal treatment removes the nerve tissue from your tooth, you will no longer experience sensitivity to hot and cold.

Your root canal treatment is not complete after your first visit; you will need a subsequent appointment to receive your permanent filling or crown. This will prevent the infection from returning and protect you from any further pain.

Receive your root canal with an experienced Newmarket dentist. Contact Dr Mortensen — Keep 28 to book your appointment.

How to Care for Your Child’s Teeth

As your dentist Yonge Newmarket has likely already explained, children have specific needs when it comes to dental care. To promote the development of healthy teeth, prevent cavities, and avoid gum disease, there are a few things you should be doing.

Develop Good Brushing Habits

You need to start an oral hygiene routine before your child’s first tooth even erupts. Develop a routine of cleaning your baby’s mouth with a damp washcloth to remove bacteria from the gums. Once your child’s teeth start appearing, brush them twice a day with an infant toothbrush and small amount of toothpaste.

Never Put Your Child to Bed with a Bottle

Milk and juice contains sugar that can damage the enamel of teeth. Falling a sleep with a bottle leads to a condition called bottle mouth, characterized by pocked front teeth. In severe cases, your child may develop cavities and need the teeth removed.

Schedule Regular Dental Checkups

Your child should have already seen a dentist by the age of one. After this, schedule checkups every six months and additional appointments if you have any causes for concern.

Restrict Unhealthy Foods

Limit your child’s intake of candy, fruit leather, and other sugary foods. After eating any of these, drinking juice, or taking sweetened medicine, make sure that child rinses his or her mouth with water.

Provide Your Child with Enough Fluoride

Fluoride strengthens enamel and protects teeth from cavities. In addition to toothpaste, your child can receive fluoride through drinking water. Find out about the level of fluoride in the water in your area. If it is insufficient, ask your dentist about fluoride treatment. At the same time, be careful to avoid too much fluoride, as this can lead to discolouration of the teeth.

Make sure that your child is receiving optimal dental care by visiting a Newmarket dentist who specializes in pediatric dentistry. Book an appointment at Keep 28 Dental Centre today.

What Causes Tooth Loss And When Do You Need Bone Grafting?

Tooth loss is caused by several reasons, ranging from lifestyle, poor dental care, disease and injury to your teeth. In all cases of missing teeth, your dentist may recommend dental implants and bone grafting in Newmarket.

Reasons for Tooth Loss


Injuries may occur if you play sports without a mouthguard. Your dentist will try to reinsert a knocked-out tooth, but the procedure is not always successful. Furthermore, any damage to the root or pulp may mean you require an extraction.


Teeth grinding can lead to cracks in teeth. If a fracture extends deeply into the tooth and repair is not an option, you may need a tooth extraction.

Gum disease

The main cause of tooth loss in adults is gum disease. Gum disease can oftentimes be eliminated without surgical procedures. When you leave periodontitis untreated, your teeth can become loose and fall out.


Tooth decay starts with a small cavity, but it can spread through the entire tooth. Eventually, it will destroy the tooth structure.

When Do You Need Bone Grafting?

As soon as you lose a tooth, your jawbone begins disintegrating due to the lack of stimulation from chewing. If you delay receiving a dental implant, you may require a bone graft to restore the bone to its former strength.

Another reason you may need a bone graft is if disease reaches the supporting bone, causing it to weaken. When tooth loss is due to periodontitis or decay, you may require a bone graft even if you seek a dental implant immediately after the tooth loss or extraction.

With a bone graft, your dentist replaces the missing bone and stimulates growth of new bone. Once the bone has recovered, your jaw will be strong enough to support the dental implant and you can receive an artificial tooth to fill the gap.

Why Are Teeth Veneers Popular In Newmarket?

Teeth veneers are shells that matches the colour of your natural teeth and fits over the front of a tooth. Many people are opting to fix dental problems with teeth veneers in Newmarket. These wafer-thin shells fit over the front of a tooth, giving it the appearance of a natural tooth. There are several reasons why teeth veneers are popular.

The Material

Your dentist can choose porcelain veneers to exactly match the colour of your teeth. In addition, the material is also strong — on average, veneers last 10 to 15 years but can last up to 20 years with good care. Finally, as it feels just like a natural tooth, in a short time, you’ll forget the veneer is even there.


You can also treat a veneer as if it were a natural tooth. There is no need for additional care or maintenance — just brush the veneer along with your other teeth. Plus, there is no risk of damage if you use your veneer to only bite and chew food.


Dental veneers can correct alignment, gaps between teeth, cracks, chips, discolouration, worn-down teeth, poor shape, and too-short teeth. Best of all, they can solve more than one problem at the same time on the same tooth.


The fast process to receive a veneer is fast. After an initial consultation with your dentist to discuss whether a veneer is a suitable option for your needs, you will need to visit the clinic just twice.

At your first appointment, your dentist will prepare the tooth, removing the top layer of enamel at the same thickness as the veneer. You may receive a local anesthetic for this part of the procedure. The dentist will then take an impression of your tooth and provide you with a temporary veneer to maintain the appearance of your tooth.

You will return around four weeks later for the permanent veneer. Your dentist will place the veneer over your tooth to check the fit before gluing it in place.

The Most Popular Options For Smile Enhancement In Newmarket

Smile enhancement in Newmarket can correct whatever problems you have with your teeth  from minor to serious issues. Smiling makes you and everyone around feel better. No one should feel too embarrassed to smile because of unattractive teeth. 

Teeth Whitening

Professional teeth whitening is one of the options for smile enhancement from your dental clinic. It is a completely safe way to achieve a brilliant smile. You choose the shade you want for your teeth, and each tooth will be whitened to the same extent. This is ideal for teeth that are yellow due to stains caused by food and aging.


Now you can correct the alignment of your teeth without the discomfort of metal brackets. With Invisalign, you use invisible aligners to gradually shift the position of your teeth in half the time of traditional braces. This corrects all sorts of problems, including incorrect bite, crowding, and gaps between teeth.


Veneers are a fast and effective solution to improve the appearance of damaged, discoloured, and misshapen teeth. Made from a thin shell of porcelain, they fit over the front of a tooth. Veneers are strong enough to last for up to 15 years without becoming damaged.


It is especially difficult to feel confident about your smile if you are missing a tooth. The good news is you can fill the gap with a realistic artificial tooth when you opt for an implant.

The process starts with a consultation where your dentist will determine your suitability for an implant. If you have been missing the tooth for some time or tooth loss is due to decay or gum disease, you may first need a bone graft.

Once your jawbone is sufficiently strong, your dentist will insert a titanium post into the bone. You will receive a temporary crown while you wait for a permanent crown. This immediately fills the gap and allows you to start smiling again.

How To Eat And Drink Without Damaging Your Invisalign Aligners

Invisalign aligners gently shift the position of your teeth, moving them in any direction necessary. They send the right amount of pressure to each tooth at the right time. Invisalign in Newmarket has no limitations to what you can eat and drink unlike traditional braces. However, you do need to take precautions to prevent damage to your teeth and to your invisalign aligners. This will help you avoid cavities and keep aligners functioning properly until it is time to switch to a new set. 

Removing Aligners to Eat

Although aligners are made from a strong material, they cannot withstand chewing forces. If you try to eat without first removing your aligners, the material will break or at least distort, meaning the aligners will no longer be able to correct your teeth.

Protecting Aligners from Beverages

You should also remove your aligners whenever you want to drink:

  • Hot beverages. Hot temperatures warp aligners over time.

  • Acidic drinks. Soda and fruit juice both contain high amounts of acid. Normally, saliva washes your mouth clean, allowing you to avoid damage — provided you brush your teeth thoroughly later. With Invisalign, acid remains trapped on your teeth under the aligner and starts attacking the enamel, which can lead to decay.

  • Coloured beverages. With aligners, your saliva is also unable to wash away the colour from a drink. If colours stay on teeth, they may lead to temporary stains that can be difficult to remove with brushing alone.

Cleaning Your Teeth After Meals

To protect your teeth from cavities and stains, clean your teeth after every meal and any drink except water before you reinsert your aligners. If you have no chance to brush your teeth, at least rinse your mouth and chew sugar-free gum to remove food particles and acid. If this is also impossible, you should leave aligners out for around one or two hours.

Three Stages Of Periodontal Therapy In Newmarket

Three stages of periodontal therapy in Newmarket entails; first is diagnosis, the second is treatment, and the third is maintenance. Although periodontal therapy  varies from patient to patient, in every case it involves these three stages.


The first stage shows why it is critical to receive checkups every six months. Without regular visits to the dentist, it is impossible to receive a timely diagnosis, which is especially important with periodontitis. There are few signs in the early stages — you may notice that your gums bleed or feel tender when your brush your teeth and you may have bad breath, but there are few other symptoms.

Your dentist will diagnose periodontitis by measuring the pockets between your teeth and gums. Deep pockets, along with inflammation and loose teeth, are indications of periodontitis. Your dentist will also perform an X-ray to your mouth to check the condition of your teeth under your gums and your jawbone.


Once your dentist has the diagnosis, treatment can begin. You already receive a professional cleaning at your checkup, but if you are at a risk of gum disease, your dentist will combine this with scaling and root planing — cleaning under the gums and making teeth smooth. This reduces space for bacteria to buildup.

If you are already suffering from periodontitis, you need surgical treatment. Flap surgery involves cleaning under your gums and suturing them back in place. If bone is damaged, you will also need a bone graft and if there are any missing tissues, you may need a tissue graft.


The last stage is maintenance. This stops periodontitis from recurring. You will need to return to the clinic more frequently than usual for your dentist to monitor the health of your gums and to receive regular cleanings. Your dentist will also provide you with additional recommendations to improve your oral hygiene.

Gum Disease Treatment From Your Dentist In Newmarket

Gum disease treatment in Newmarket depends on the severity of the condition. If your dentist discovers that you are suffering from a gum disease, he or she will recommend immediate treatment. These treatments will help control bacterial growth and restores supportive tissues.

Nonsurgical Treatments

During your regular checkup, you receive a professional cleaning to remove plaque and tartar. If you are showing signs of gum disease, your dentist may recommend additional cleanings to those you have every six months. This is not an active gum disease treatment , but it will often stop the disease from taking hold.

Patients with tartar under the gums receive scaling and root planing at the same time as their dental cleaning. Scaling involves scraping away plaque and tartar from under the gum line, whereas planing involves smoothing the root of the tooth. For this procedure, you will receive a local anesthetic.

Surgical Treatments

If your gum disease has already turned into periodontitis by the time you see your dentist, you will need surgery. The disease leads to large pockets in the gums, which provide more space for bacteria to grow. Your dentist will use surgery to reduce the size of pockets while removing tartar from under the gums. If necessary, your dentist will also smooth the damaged bone to prevent the buildup of bacteria.

After some time, the disease may start weakening your jawbone. When this is the case, a dentist will use a graft to replace the damaged bone and stimulate growth. Your dentist can do the same with a tissue graft where gums have receded, usually taking tissue from the roof of your mouth and stitching it in place.

The most extreme cases of gum disease lead to craters in the bone. You will need bone surgery to smooth craters and make it more difficult for bacteria to accumulate.

Dental Crowns In Newmarket And Their Uses

Dental crowns in Newmarket are excellent options whether you are looking to restore a damaged tooth or improve its appearance. Crowns are one of the most common dental solutions, as they solve a wide range of problems.

Damaged Teeth

A crown can repair even the most damaged tooth. It can fill a crack left by broken filling, fix a chip caused by an accident or sports injury, and hold parts together when a tooth is split in half.

Aesthetic Issues

Crowns on the front teeth are made from porcelain in a shade that matches your natural tooth. They can fix issues including severe discoloration and poor shape.

Weak Teeth

Dental crowns can strengthen weakened back tooth due to decay or a breakage. In these cases, the crown will typically be made from a metal, like stainless steel or gold. For a tooth nearer the front of your mouth, your dentist may recommend metal fused to porcelain for a better appearance.

Worn-Down Teeth

If you suffer from bruxism (grinding or clenching of the teeth) and you fail to seek treatment in time, your teeth could wear down. A crown can repair your teeth in this situation.

Decayed Teeth

For small cavities, fillings are ideal, but more extensive decay requires a different solution. In some cases, not enough tooth remains even for an inlay or onlay — only a crown is sufficient.

Missing Teeth

If you have a missing tooth, your dentist can fill the gap with an implant, a bridge, or dentures. The first two options are more common and both require crowns. In the case of an implant, the crown is attached to the abutment that is inserted into your jawbone. For a bridge, crowns sit on teeth on either side of the gap to hold the bridge in place.

Dental Cleaning Tools Used In Newmarket

It is important to know what are the dental cleaning tools being used in Newmarket to help you understand every procedure. One reason dental cleanings lead to anxiety is because of the unfamiliar dental cleaning tools that dental hygienists put in their patients’ mouths. Although none cause any pain or discomfort, they do make strange noises and create odd sensations. Knowing exactly what is going on can help you feel more comfortable in the dentist chair during a dental cleaning in Newmarket.

Ultrasonic Instruments

The dental hygienist will usually start the cleaning with an ultrasonic instrument. This uses vibrations to knock away large pieces of tartar, leading to a hum or high-pitch whistle. At the same time, the instrument sprays water to wash and maintain the right temperature in your mouth. If you find that the instrument tickles, tell the dental staff and they will adjust the settings.

Scalers and Curettes

To remove smaller pieces of tartar, dental hygienists switch to fine hand tools called scalers and curettes. Scalers are used in supra-gingival area while curettes are used on both supra-gingival and sub-gingival area. These curved metal tools gently scrape your teeth clean.

Slow-Speed Hand Piece

After removing all the plaque and tartar, the dental hygienist will polish your teeth with a slow-speed hand piece. This equipment is used in performing prophylaxis and other endodontic and implant procedures. This has a soft rubber cup containing prophylaxis paste, which is much like toothpaste but has a gritty texture to smooth teeth.

Foam Tray

At some cleanings, your dentist will also offer you a fluoride treatment. The dental hygienist will add the fluoride in the form of foam or gel to a flexible foam tray. You will keep the tray on your teeth for 30 seconds. Although the fluoride may taste delicious (it comes in many flavours), you need to spit out as much as you can after the treatment, as it is not meant to be ingested in large amounts.