Dental bonding is a cosmetic alternative to fillings and is useful in a variety of circumstances. Dental bonding repairs decayed, chipped, and cracked teeth, restores teeth to the right color, improves the shape of teeth (such as when teeth are too short or when there is a gap between teeth), and protects the root when gums are receded.
How Dental Bonding Works
You can receive dental bonding in a single visit to your dentist. Preparation is almost immediate, and there is no need for anesthesia, unless you are using bonding to repair a decayed tooth. The bonding process involves applying a resin that matches the color of your teeth to the impacted area, molding it into the right shape, polishing it, and finally curing it with a high-intensity light.
Types of Dental Bonding
Depending on the purpose of dental bonding, you will either need direct composite bonding or adhesive bonding.
Direct composite bonding
Also called direct composite veneers, this type of bonding is appropriate for repairing the damage left by cavities, repairing chipped, cracked, or worn-down teeth, and filling the gaps between teeth. Your dentist will apply the material straight to your tooth.
For more major work, including crowns, veneers, bridges, inlays, and onlays, you will require adhesive bonding. Your dentist will create a rough surface on the tooth using phosphoric acid solution. He or she will follow this with a liquid bonding agent and then resin.
The Lifespan of Dental Bonding
Dental bonding can last for years. To maintain the reparation as long as possible, you will need to adhere to good oral hygiene practices, which includes brushing twice a day and receiving regular checkups. In addition, you should avoid putting too much pressure on the repaired tooth. Never bite anything but food and try to chew hard foods with your other teeth.