Improving gum health is important to overall oral health. Gum disease can oftentimes be eliminated without surgical procedures. If gum disease has progressed, there are also some surgical options that can help with treatment. Dentists offer both non-surgical and surgical periodontal therapy options to treat gum disease.
Non-Surgical Periodontal Therapy Options
There are several non-surgical treatment options including:
- Scaling and root planing, or deep cleaning, to reduce inflammation and debris beneath the gumline.
- Local antibiotics
- Regular Professional Cleanings
- Diagnosis and treatment of oral lesions as well as soft tissue biopsies
- Bite Adjustments
- Periodontal appliances such as bite guards or night guards
Surgical Periodontal Therapy Options
- Pocket reduction surgery to reduce space between teeth and gums when deep cleaning is not effective
- Bone graft surgery to prepare for implants
- Surgical procedures to regenerate both hard and soft tissue
- Soft tissue grafts (also called gingival grafting)
- Dental implants
- Build up hard or soft tissue through the use of ridge augmentation procedures (this fills in indentations that can be left by missing teeth and helps restore the natural contour of jawbones)
- Crown lengthening can recontour gum tissue and remove more tooth surface. This can be functional in that it prepares a tooth, or teeth for crown placement or it can be considered cosmetic such as reducing a “gummy” smile
- Comprehensive treatments – general dentists and specialists can work together to coordinate complex dental care.
Dentists work closely with patients to determine an appropriate treatment option that will help restore oral health. A comprehensive treatment plan will be developed using either surgical or non-surgical periodontal therapy options to restore gums to a heathly state. Treatment options can depend on the severity and level of advancement of the gum disease. Periodontal therapy treatment options are chosen based on their effectiveness to treat gum disease.