Three stages of periodontal therapy in Newmarket entails; first is diagnosis, the second is treatment, and the third is maintenance. Although periodontal therapy varies from patient to patient, in every case it involves these three stages.
The first stage shows why it is critical to receive checkups every six months. Without regular visits to the dentist, it is impossible to receive a timely diagnosis, which is especially important with periodontitis. There are few signs in the early stages — you may notice that your gums bleed or feel tender when your brush your teeth and you may have bad breath, but there are few other symptoms.
Your dentist will diagnose periodontitis by measuring the pockets between your teeth and gums. Deep pockets, along with inflammation and loose teeth, are indications of periodontitis. Your dentist will also perform an X-ray to your mouth to check the condition of your teeth under your gums and your jawbone.
Once your dentist has the diagnosis, treatment can begin. You already receive a professional cleaning at your checkup, but if you are at a risk of gum disease, your dentist will combine this with scaling and root planing — cleaning under the gums and making teeth smooth. This reduces space for bacteria to buildup.
If you are already suffering from periodontitis, you need surgical treatment. Flap surgery involves cleaning under your gums and suturing them back in place. If bone is damaged, you will also need a bone graft and if there are any missing tissues, you may need a tissue graft.
The last stage is maintenance. This stops periodontitis from recurring. You will need to return to the clinic more frequently than usual for your dentist to monitor the health of your gums and to receive regular cleanings. Your dentist will also provide you with additional recommendations to improve your oral hygiene.