Gum reduction surgery may fall under the umbrella term of gum reshaping or contouring. For some people, their gums may cover up too much of their teeth. That can make their teeth look smaller, and for some, it holds them back from smiling. If you feel you have a gummy smile and want that changed, this surgery might be for you.
Causes of uneven gums
Many factors can result in gums being too low or too high. If your gums cover too much of your teeth, it can make them look small. A lot of this can be blamed on genetics or health issues, but for others, it can also be an effect of certain prescription drugs.
Gums that are too low can make your teeth look longer and more prominent. That is called gum recession, in which the gum tissue pulls back and exposes more of the tooth’s root. If left untreated, this can lead to further dental problems like tooth loss. Gum recession can also be a symptom of periodontal disease.
Gum reduction surgery
Most gum contouring surgeries are purely for cosmetic purposes. Others also have them to help with the treatment of periodontitis and in preparation for other dental procedures.
Upon consultation, your dentists will give you a visual estimate of how much of your gums they will remove. Once you’ve both agreed and decided on the best shape of your gums, your dentist will schedule you for surgery.
This surgery can involve the use of a scalpel, a laser or radiosurgery. Gum reduction surgery requires a local anesthetic. Your dentist will assess the area that needs treatment and will choose the best method for it.
Risks of gum contouring surgery
Every surgery has its risks, but for a gum reduction, there are typically only two. The risks include an allergic reaction to the anesthetic and a relapse of the gum tissue. The latter means that even after this surgery, your gums could still grow back. Should this happen, don’t hesitate to consult your dentist.
Recovery and aftercare of gum reduction
After your surgery, it’s best to limit your activities so that you can focus on recovery. Your dentist will walk you through the recovery process.
For pain management, your dentist may advise you to take over-the-counter pain medication like Tylenol or Advil. As your gums are trying to heal, it is not good to take aspirin as it can cause bleeding.
You may eat soft, cool food like ice cream, yogurt, or pudding. You may also eat soft fruits and vegetables while you’re recovering for the first few days. Until your gums fully heal, do not eat any spicy food and anything that has a lot of seeds. You also should not eat any crumby food or could get lodged in your teeth or gums.
Your gums could take anywhere from a few days to a few weeks to heal completely. If you notice excessive bleeding or feel unfamiliar pain or swelling, contact your dentist immediately.
Benefits of gum reduction
One obvious benefit of getting gum reduction surgery is feeling better about your smile. Having some control over how you look can be empowering, and who doesn’t want to feel that way?
Whether you’re getting gum reduction surgery for cosmetic or medical purposes, you deserve a chance at gaining back the confidence you deserve. Give our dentist in Newmarket a call, and let’s schedule you for an appointment!