Dental Sealants: Are They Worth The Potential Risks?

Dental Sealants: Are They Worth The Potential Risks?

Dental sealants are a preventive dental procedure that involves coating the surface of the permanent back teeth to prevent cavities. The sealant quickly bonds with the pits and grooves to form a protective barrier over the surface of teeth. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention sealants prevent 80% of dental caries in both children and adults.

In general, the chewing surfaces of a permanent molar or premolar consists of grooves and pits which are vulnerable to dental cavities. Because of the location and presence of these pits and grooves, food particles can quickly get stuck. Gradually, these particles of food lead to the buildup of plaque and, ultimately, tooth decay.

Are dental sealants necessary?

Tooth decay involves the destruction of the structure of your teeth. It occurs when particles of foods containing carbohydrates such as soda, cereals, milk, fruits, candy, cakes, or bread are stick on the tooth surface. Usually, bacteria that live in our mouth digest these foods and turn them into acids. Later, the bacteria, saliva, acids, and food debris combine and form plaque on your teeth. Moreover, the acids in the plaque dissolve the surface of your teeth (enamel) and create holes. 

Although brushing and flossing your teeth assist in removing particles of food as well as plaque on the surface, it’s not enough. The exterior the back temporary or permanent teeth is rough, uneven, and a likely hiding spot for particles of food. As such, brushing and flossing will not reach into the pit and fissure of your tooth to remove all the plaque or food. Fortunately, applying sealant will protect your teeth from bacteria and acids that contribute to cavities.

In general, sealants provide the following benefits:

  • Effective and painless way to prevent cavities.
  • Provide long-term protection. Generally, sealants can last for up to 10 years with proper dental care.
  • Once placed, sealants protect against 80% of cavities among children, teenagers, and adults.
  • They eliminate the need for invasive dental procedures such as crowns or fillings.
  • Sealants may be clear, white, or tinted, which makes them hardly noticeable.
  • Most dental insurance cover the cost of sealants.
  • It can be placed over small cavities to prevent further damage.

How soon should you have dental sealants

The earlier you get sealants, the better. Typically, your dentist places a sealant on the first permanent teeth immediately the biting surface erupts completely. Usually, premolars and molars start coming out from age six and stop at age 12. Therefore, sealing these teeth as soon as they erupt can ensure they remain cavity-free for a long time.

Additionally, fissure sealants can also be placed on baby teeth if they contain deep pits and fissures. Primary teeth play a significant role in maintaining the correct spacing for permanent ones. Therefore, your dentist may recommend sealants for your child to protect baby teeth and ensure they are not lost early.

Are dental sealants safe?

In the general sense, pit-and-fissure sealants are an effective method to prevent dental caries. However, more and more concerns are being raised by consumers about the safety of the dental materials used. Below is a list of some of these misconceptions and the truth.

  1. Sealants are toxic because they contain Bisphenol A (BPA): The quantity of BPA in sealants is significantly low and limited to a few products. This amount is not enough to cause you or your family any harm. In general, you are more exposed to BPA through cosmetic products, handling receipts, or inhaling dust than you are from sealants.
  2. Fluoride varnish provides the same results as sealants: While fluoride varnish prevents the formation of dental caries, it does not reduce the risk of developing new caries.
  3. Dental plans don’t cover sealants: Several dental insurance will cover sealants for people below the age of 18.
  4. Sealants can’t prevent further damage from cavities: Besides being useful in preventing cavities in the first place, sealants can stop the progression of existing tooth decay.

Although sealants may need to be reapplied if they chip, fall out or wear away, they are definitely worth a try. This preventive procedure has proven to be safe and effective. Contact your nearest Newmarket dentist today and protect your teeth for a lifetime.


Top 3 Reasons Why You Need Wisdom Tooth Extraction

Wisdom tooth extraction is a common procedure that dentists recommend to avoid future dental problems. Wisdom teeth are the last set of permanent molars to emerge. For some, their third molars come out at the right position and do not harm the neighboring teeth. Furthermore, they cause no pain at all. On one hand, others experience dental problems, that’s why they seek a wisdom tooth removal. Infection after the procedure is something that they need to watch out for to avoid complications. 

Now, you might be wondering if your wisdom tooth needs extraction. Here are three main reasons to help you make the right decision whether to undergo this dental work or not. 

Reasons why wisdom tooth extraction is necessary

To eliminate orthodontic problems in the future. 

Teeth crowding is one of the reasons why you need a wisdom tooth extraction. When there are too many teeth in your mouth, others do not come out in their right position or location. Soon, it leads to orthodontic issues such as teeth alignment or malocclusion. Not to mention, crowded teeth are the most suitable area for bacterial growth. To avoid these, heed the advice of your Newmarket dentist and have your third molar removed for good. 

The wisdom tooth is impacted.

When your mouth does not have enough room to accommodate your third molar, it might not come through properly. This is called impaction and the tooth needs to be removed as soon as possible. And as long as you abide by the aftercare tips of your dentist, you’re far from having wisdom tooth removal infection. 

There are several ways that your wisdom tooth is impacted. For some patients, only the tip of the molar partially comes through the gums while most of it remains underneath. In other cases, their molars erupt sideways, either forward or backward, and these cause damage to the neighboring tooth. 

There’s a risk of dental pain and infection. 

Once the wisdom tooth is impacted, there’s a higher risk of dental decay and infection. For one, a partially emerged molar is the breeding ground of bacteria since food particles easily get stuck in it. Sooner, cavities lurk into the back teeth and cause dental pain, much worse, gum disease or infection. Needless to say, without wisdom tooth extraction, this oral problem might escalate to development of abscess or pus in the gums. This dental problem requires more than just extraction; it might need root canal treatment to stop the spread of infection. 

Impacted wisdom tooth only causes damage rather than helping you keep a healthy set of teeth. That explains why dentists recommend removal of the third molar to their patients between the age of 16 to 19. They would rather prevent these future dental problems than wait until the worst happens. After all, you deserve to have better oral health. Don’t be anxious about wisdom tooth removal infection because your dentist will take care of you before and after the extraction.

Wisdom Teeth Removal Newmarket: What to Expect

Newmarket wisdom teeth removal may sound scary, but the truth is if you know what to expect, the process is much more manageable—and possibly less scary.

Dentists Newmarket have many different ways of managing wisdom teeth removals. Depending on the state of the tooth, the removal process could be significantly less dramatic than what crazy YouTube videos lead you to believe.


What is the Removal Process?

First, to understand the different treatments of wisdom teeth, you must know where they are located in your mouth. If wisdom teeth are impacted – meaning they’re coming in sideways and causing problems to other teeth – you will be referred to an oral surgeon.

As for partial eruptions of wisdom teeth, this is a simple extraction in many cases. The dentist will numb the affected area and drill to break the tooth into two pieces. Then, using forceps, the dentist will then pull the tooth.

After the procedure is over, it’s important to allow the affected area to heal sufficiently and to prevent dry sockets. This is important for not only the healing process as a whole but also for pain management.

If your wisdom teeth need to be extracted by an oral surgeon, then you can expect general anesthesia. There will be pain, but over-the-counter medications like aspirin will help manage it. Pay attention to the instructions from your dentist or oral surgeon.

Generally, it takes about a week or two for the socket of your extracted tooth to heal. Then, once the sockets have healed, you won’t miss those teeth.


Consult with a Newmarket Dentist

Many people don’t have mouths that can accommodate all 32 teeth, but before you get your wisdom teeth extracted, be sure to get a couple opinions. The rule, as always, if the tooth isn’t bothering you, a good dentist won’t bother it.


How The Reason For Your Tooth Extraction Affects The Procedure

The reason for your tooth extraction in Newmarket will directly affect the procedure that your dentist uses to pull your tooth. The simplest procedures are fast, using just local anesthetic, whereas complex extractions sometimes require a general anesthetic.


Simple Extraction

You may be a candidate for a simple extraction if your dentist needs to remove a tooth due to an abscess, extensive damage (where at least some of the tooth is above the gum line), or overcrowding. The dentist will loosen the gums surrounding your tooth, hold your tooth in forceps, and gently pull it out.


Surgical Extraction

A surgical extraction is necessary if your tooth is completely under the gum line, such as if a tooth breaks off and leaves its roots attached to the bone. The procedure involves making an incision in the gums to access the tooth.

Your dentist will start by trying a luxation procedure, forcing a sharp instrument between the root and the bone to ease out the tooth. Should this case fail, your dentist will need to cut away some of the bone.


Impacted Teeth

An impacted tooth is one that never fully erupts — some of it remains under the gums. As this can lead to serious problems, your dentist will recommend a timely extraction.

The procedure starts the same as for a surgical extraction. The rest of the tooth extraction process will depend on the position of your tooth. Whenever possible, your dentist will use forceps to pull out the tooth. However, when a tooth is below the bone or on its side, the dentist needs to remove the bone. To make the extraction easier, your dentist will break the tooth into pieces.


Wisdom Teeth

Your dentist will remove fully erupted wisdom teeth through a simple extraction. However, if teeth are impacted, you will need a surgical extraction, likely under general anesthesia.